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Guiseley station was situated on the Apperley Junction to Otley and Ilkley line (officially known as the Otley and Ilkley Extension line). An up stopping passenger train is entering the station with a horse box behind the locomotive headed by a Johnson 2-4-0 in re-built condition with Deeley chimney and smokebox door. In addition to over 30 Midland Railway train services per day in 1909, the line through Guiseley was also used by ten North Eastern passenger trains between Bradford (Market St.) and Harrogate via the circuitous route through Otley, Arthington and Pannal.
Guiseley station was opened on August 1st 1865 and was situated at the summit of the line at 443 feet above sea level. Trains faced a three-mile climb on either side with the ascent from Apperley junction being particularly steep at 1 in 60 for much of this section. The photograph is taken looking north with the new signal box, which was brought into use on March 18th 1906, situated on the down platform. A wooden station building is sited on the up platform and a typical Midland Railway footbridge dominates the scene.
Guiseley acted as a focal point for goods services serving the Yeadon branch which diverged from the main line 43 chains to the south at Rawdon Junction.
The following additional notes were kindly provided by Kenneth Westall:
Your caption states that this station was the focal point for the Yeadon branch. Although I don't dispute that it was the junction station for the Yeadon Branch, I would say that the focal point was the operating arrangements. It was where the Bradford and Leeds Down trains met and stock was exchanged for onward working to Ilkley and Otley, both trains sometimes having Ilkley and Otley portions, and vice versa for Up trains - the stations being in an 'X layout' with Guiseley at the crossing of the arms.
Due to this there were extension platforms and sidings to both platforms. This is an arrangement I haven't seen anywhere else in Britain - but could be wrong! Full details are in 'The Railways of Wharfedale' by Peter E Baughan pub. D & C. Text p.134 & 136-7, Sketch Map p.135 and Appendix 4a & b.